Who Is at Risk of Metabolic Syndrome

Who Is at Risk of Metabolic Syndrome?

• Obesity. Obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia, all of which are risk factors for metabolic syndrome.

• Little physical exercise. Lack of regular exercise is linked to obesity, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia, increasing the risk of metabolic syndrome.

• High blood glucose levels and cardiovascular disease. Hypertension and hypercholesterolemia are common in patients with high blood glucose levels and cardiovascular disease, both of which heighten the risk of metabolic syndrome.

• Fatty liver disease. Fatty liver disease is common in patients with insulin resistance. Insulin resistance leads to diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, and chronic kidney disease, raising the risk of metabolic syndrome.

• Chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is associated with hypertension, insulin resistance, and hypercholesterolemia, all of which elevate the risk of metabolic syndrome.

Metabolic syndrome is not a disease but a collection of conditions related to physiological disorders, characterized by obesity, high blood pressure, high blood glucose, high cholesterol, and high triglycerides. People with three or more of these conditions are said to have metabolic syndrome, resulting in an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. Metabolic syndrome is also known as "insulin resistance syndrome." In the US, 52 million people are afflicted with metabolic syndrome, which is equivalent to 24% of all adults in the country.

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