Which Food Items Are Sodium Rich

Which Food Items Are Sodium Rich?

Food items that contain high sodium content include table salt, soy sauce, preserved meats, bacon, fast foods, and canned foods.

Sodium is an essential element. The human body contains about 200 g of sodium—about 0.4% of the body's weight. Sodium exists in an ionic form that is distributed widely in the extracellular fluids of all organs and tissues, such as in the blood and lymphatic fluid. Sodium concentration in the human body is equivalent to that in seawater. The main dietary sources of sodium ion are seasonings used in cooking and table salt.

safety Issues

• Side effects. Too much sodium in salty foods burdens the body. The body needs an extra amount of water to dilute the high blood sodium concentration. To do that, the kidneys inhibit the excretion of water in the urine and reabsorb excreted water back into the bloodstream, causing expansion of the blood volume, which exerts extra pressure against the arterial wall, particularly in the heart and brain, leading to the risk of hypertension, heart disease, and stroke.

• Stomach cancer. High consumption of salty foods can induce chronic inflammation in the stomach, increasing the risk of infection by Helicobacter pylori bacteria and stomach cancer.

• Kidney stones. High dietary intake of sodium can raise the calcium ion concentration in the kidneys and urinary tract and elevate the risk of kidney stone formation.