What Is the Association Between Vitamin D and Bladder Cancer

What Is the Association between Vitamin D and Bladder Cancer?

• Vitamin D deficiency is linked to a twofold increased risk of bladder cancer and a sixfold increased risk of invasive and untreatable bladder cancer.

• Vitamin D possesses anticancer functions. It inhibits the proliferation of cancerous cells and prevents them from growing new blood vessels.

What Is the Association between Vitamin E and Bladder Cancer?

• Vitamin E scavenges free radicals in the cell membrane and protects the structural integrity of the cells. A low blood level of vitamin E is common in patients with bladder cancer compared to healthy individuals. Sufficient dietary intake of vitamin E was shown to curtail the incidence rate of bladder cancer.

• Vitamin E can boost immune functions, regulate gene expression, and inhibit the proliferation and growth of cancerous cells.

What Is the Association between Vitamin B9 and Bladder Cancer?

• Vitamin B9 participates in the methylation and repair of DNA in the cells. Vitamin B9 insufficiency can lead to inadequate methylation of DNA, which is a hallmark of cancer cells.

• Blood levels of vitamin B9 are lower in bladder cancer patients compared to healthy controls. Supplementation with B9 was found to reduce the incidence rate of bladder cancer.

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