What Is the Association Between Potassium and Hypertension

What Is the Association between Potassium and Hypertension?

• Habitual consumption of salty foods raises the blood level of sodium and brings on hypertension. Potassium ions counter the actions of sodium ions and bring down blood pressure. Sufficient dietary intake of potassium reduces the risk of hypertension.

• Potassium ions bring down blood pressure by decreasing the fluid content in the blood, reducing the pressure on the arterial wall, and decreasing the activity of angiotensin, a vasoconstrictor. Potassium ions also relax the smooth muscles of arteries, decrease peripheral vascular resistance, and lower blood pressure.

• Potassium. Fifteen randomized controlled trials investigated the relationship between potassium intake and hypertension in 917 participants. The result has shown that supplementation with potassium lowered systolic pressure by 6.8 mmHg and diastolic pressure by 4.6 mmHg.