What Is the Association Between Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Coronary Artery Disease

What Is the Association between Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Coronary Artery Disease?

• Omega-3 fatty acids, through modification of lipid composition and contents in the bloodstream, may inhibit plaque formation in the arterial wall. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation was found to reduce blood pressure, increase anti-inflammatory functions, and prevent atrial fibrillation in patients with coronary artery disease.

• A lower blood level of omega-3 fatty acids is common in patients with coronary artery disease. Supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids significantly improved the survival rate of patients with coronary artery disease.

Omega-3 fatty acids. A meta-analysis of 14 randomized controlled trials explored the association between omega-3 fatty acids and coronary artery disease in 32,656 coronary artery disease patients, including 16,338 patients in the omega-3 fatty acid group and 16,318 patients in the placebo group. Analysis confirmed that patients in the omega-3 fatty acid group had a significantly increased survival rate compared to the placebo group.

Recommendation

• Prevention. For people at risk of coronary artery disease, take daily 400 mcg vitamin B9 (8) and 1 g omega-3 fatty acids (27).

• Treatment. For coronary disease patients, take daily 5 mg vitamin B9 (8) and 2 g omega-3 fatty acids (27) for one month, and after that, take daily 800 mcg vitamin B9 (8) and 2 g omega-3 fatty acids (27).

YOU MAY ALSO LIKE