What Are the Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

What Are the Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

What Are the Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes?

• Fatigue and weakness

• Thirst and frequent urination

• Nausea and vomiting

• Frequent abdominal pain

• Blurred vision

• Slower wound healing

• Moodiness and irritability

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease characterized by the immune system attacking the pancreas, mistaking it as foreign. The cause is still unknown. The attack by the immune system diminishes the production of insulin from insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Like a key, insulin opens the door and allows glucose to get into the cell. The body utilizes glucose to produce energy. Low blood levels of insulin in patients with type 1 diabetes prevent glucose from entering into the cell, leading to the accumulation of glucose in the bloodstream and lack of energy production in the body. If untreated, high blood glucose can cause damage to the eyes, kidneys, neurons, and heart and even end in death. In the US, about 1.25 million people are afflicted with type 1 diabetes.

Insulin Therapy for Type 1 Diabetes Insulin therapy is an effective treatment for type 1 diabetes. It provides a spare key that allows glucose to get into the cell.

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