What Are the Symptoms of High Blood Cholesterol

What Are the Symptoms of High Blood Cholesterol

What Are the Symptoms of high blood cholesterol

Hypercholesterolemia is a condition characterized by high cholesterol levels in the blood. Cholesterol is required for a multitude of cellular functions in the body. Most cholesterol is made in the body, while only a small quantity is needed from dietary intake. Animal-based foods contain cholesterol, and plant-based foods contain no cholesterol. In other words, cholesterol comes from meat, milk, eggs, and the like, but not from fruits or vegetables. Overconsumption of meats and other greasy animal-based foods can lead to hypercholesterolemia, which is a major risk factor for heart attack and stroke. In the US, 73 million people are afflicted with hypercholesterolemia, which is equivalent to about 31% of the population.

Cholesterol in the blood can be divided into two major types:

• High-density lipoprotein (HDL). HDL removes cholesterol from the arterial wall and transports it via blood circulation to organs and tissues, preventing cholesterol from sticking to the arterial wall and causing atherosclerosis. For its role, HDL is called "good cholesterol."

• Low-density lipoprotein (LDL). LDL, on the other hand, transports cholesterol from organs to the bloodstream, where LDL may stick to the arterial wall and lead to atherosclerosis. For its role, LDL is called "bad cholesterol." High blood cholesterol, or hypercholesterolemia, often refers to a high LDL level in the bloodstream.