What Are the Symptoms of Glioma

What Are the Symptoms of Glioma?

• Headaches and dizziness

• Personality changes

• Lack of strength in the face, hands, and feet

• Difficulty speaking

• Nausea and vomiting

• Waddling

• Vision and memory decline

• Incontinence

• Irritability

• Convulsions and spasming.

Glioma is a form of brain cancer caused by abnormal growth and tumorigenesis of glial cells in the brain. About 80% of all invasive brain cancers are glioma, and glioblastoma is the most common form of glioma. Glioma is a fast-growing and aggressive cancer, and it can easily spread to other regions in the brain, as well as other organs in the body. In the US, an estimated 10,400 people will be afflicted with glioma this year. Glial cells consist of three different types of cells—namely, astrocyte, oligodendrocyte, and ependymal cells, all of which can transform into cancerous cells.

This means that glioma can be divided into three major types:

• Astrocytoma. Astrocytoma is caused by the transformation of astrocytes into cancerous cells; glioblastoma is a type of astrocytoma.

• Oligodendroglioma. Oligodendroglioma originates from cancerous oligodendrocytes.

• Ependymoma. Ependymoma is formed by the tumorigenesis of ependymal cells.