What Are the Risk Factors for Fibromyalgia

What Are the Risk Factors for Fibromyalgia

• Gender and age. Nine out of 10 fibromyalgia patients are women, particularly perimenopausal women. Women at the ages of 20–50 are the highest risk group for fibromyalgia.

• Rheumatic disease. Rheumatic diseases—including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, lupus erythematosus, and ankylosing spondylitis—increase the risk of fibromyalgia.

• Family and genetics. Fibromyalgia is linked to genetics. If your parent or sibling has suffered from fibromyalgia, it increases your risk of the disease. Fibromyalgia is associated with functional somatic disorders, involving the interplay of multiple genes, although the exact mechanism is not clear at present.

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