What Are the Risk Factors for Bone Fractures

What Are the Risk Factors for Bone Fractures

What Are the Risk Factors for Bone Fractures?

• Osteoporosis. Low bone density and degeneration of bone structure in osteoporosis patients increases the incidence rate of bone fractures after accidental falls. The most common bone fractures in osteoporosis patients are fractures of vertebra, called "vertebral compression fractures." It is estimated that 1.5 million vertebral compression fractures occur in the US every year.

• Bone-related diseases. Bone-related diseases can weaken bone structure and increase chances of suffering a bone fracture. These bone diseases include osteomalacia, bone cancer, bone cysts, osteogenesis imperfecta, and Paget's disease of bone. Vitamin D deficiency causes osteomalacia, characterized by body pains, muscle weakness, and softening of the bones. Bone cancer is a malignant tumor of the bone, which can destroy the bone tissue and result in fragile bones. In bone cysts, the bones are porous and filled with liquid, which makes the bones break easily. Osteogenesis imperfecta is a hereditary bone disease characterized by deformed and fragile bones. Paget's disease of bone is an age-related bone degenerative disease characterized by deformed and degenerative vertebrae and a similarly affected head bone and pelvic bone.

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