What Are the Major Types of Heart-Related Diseases

What Are the Major Types of Heart-Related Diseases

What Are the Major Types of Heart-Related Diseases?

• Heart attack. A blood clot blocks the blood flow to the heart and stops the heartbeat due to lack of oxygen and nutrients.

• Heart failure. The heart is unable to pump out sufficient amounts of blood for body's needs, often due to an enlarged heart.

• Atrial fibrillation. The fibrosis of heart muscle causes an irregular heartbeat.

What Are the Symptoms of a Heart Attack?

• Chest pain, chest discomfort, or pressure inside the chest

• Shortness of breath

• Cold feet and hands

• Numbness and pain in the feet and hands

• Pain and discomfort in the neck, mandible, throat, stomach, or back

The warning signs of a heart attack differ between men and women. Men complain about chest pain, while women experience shortness of breath, nausea, or vomiting.

Cardiovascular disease is a group of related diseases and conditions caused by pathological changes in the heart and vascular system and functional alterations in the cardiovascular system. Atherosclerosis and blood clots are the two major contributing factors of cardiovascular disease, which lead to the narrowing of the arterial wall and the reduction of blood flow. Heart attack and stroke are in part caused by blood clots occluding the blood flow to the heart and brain, respectively. In the US, 84 million people suffer from cardiovascular disease, and of those, 2,200 die from the disease every day. Every 40 seconds, someone in the US dies from cardiovascular disease.